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No end in sight for newspaper layoffs

As the Chronicle, the Mercury News and other MediaNews papers amputate staff, you may have noticed that the paper doesn't land on the porch with much authority anymore.

If not. You will.

Does anyone seriously think we've seen the last of the newspaper layoffs?

John McManus

Layoffs are driven by a loss of readers and advertisers to the Web and, for some owners, the desire to wring extra dollars out of a declining business. Even though Bay Area newsrooms have already lost a third to half the staff they employed as little as seven years ago, I fear we're nowhere near the bottom.

Just this week, MediaNews announced a consolidation of its East Bay newspapers. As a result vacant positions will go unfilled and more layoffs are expected.

Goldman Sachs recently reported that given an expanding national economy, the recent declines in newspaper ad revenues are "extraordinary." May was "the worst month we've ever seen in a non-recession period," the investment analysts warned.

Think the Web will bring salvation?

The Newspaper Association of America reports that newspapers earned only 5.4% of their total revenues from Web ads in 2006. That's enough to support a 10-20 person newsroom. But not two or three hundred -- the current complements of the Mercury News and Chronicle, respectively.

Currently subscribers and retailers who buy ads in print are subsidizing the news on newspaper Web sites.

That's not likely to change soon. The supply of virtual space for online ads is almost unlimited while the demand is finite. That keeps rates low. Not all Web sites have large numbers of eyeballs to sell to advertisers, but there are more popular sites than print outlets. So it's a buyers' market for advertising on the Web.

As newsrooms empty, there will be less and less reason to buy a paper. Even die-hard subscribers will cancel. Advertisers will follow them out the door.

Newspapers simply cannot afford to continue this madness of competing with themselves for free on the Internet.

More importantly, neither can society.

Most government officials are honest. But what's to keep those who are not so disposed from cheating the public when there's no longer a reporter there to expose it? And even honest officials perform better when they know the public can see over their shoulders.

Aren't you a little more careful when you're being observed?

As newspapers shrink, we're losing one of the most important benefits of an active press -- the deterrence of corruption.

Some claim radio and TV journalists or bloggers, will fill this gap. But broadcast journalism pretty much depends on newspapers to dig up the news and to cover government. The same is true for bloggers.

Others say what you don't know can't hurt you. But what you don't know often hurts the most. It has led us into a $3 billion per week war that has killed hundreds of thousands. The worst may be yet to come.

Joni Mitchell had it right: "Don't it always seem to go that you don't know what you've got till it's gone?"

An shorter version of this commentary aired July 23 and July 27 on KQED-FM as a Perspective.

What do you think? Discuss it in The Coffeehouse.


A project of the School of Journalism and Mass Communications at San Jose State University, Grade the News is affiliated with the Graduate Program in Journalism at Stanford University and KTEH, public television in Silicon Valley.

Monitoring the Bay Area's most popular news media:

Contra Costa Times

Knight Ridder

San Francisco Chronicle


San Jose Mercury News

Knight Ridder

KTVU, Oakland (FOX)

KTVU, Oakland (FOX)

KRON, San Francisco

KRON, San Francisco

KPIX, San Francisco (CBS)

KPIX, San Francisco (CBS)

KGO, San Francisco (ABC)

KGO, San Francisco (ABC)

KNTV, San Jose (NBC)

KNTV, San Jose (NBC)


Bay Area media advocates:

Media Alliance
Center for the Integration and Improvement of Journalism at SFSU
Maynard Institute
Youth Media Council
Project Censored
New California Media
Society of Professional Journalists, Northern California chapter
National Writers Union Bay Area chapter

Site highlights


The three-part series follows the rise of three Bay Area handouts:
• Part 1: At free dailies, advertisers sometimes call the shots
• Part 2: Free daily papers: more local but often superficial
• Part 3: Free papers' growth threatens traditional news
• See also: SF Examiner and Independent agree to end payola restaurant reviews
• And: The free tabloid that wasn't: East Bay's aborted Daily Flash


Lou Alexander started a firestorm with his original guest commentary predicting the company would be sold. Several other experts on newspapers have weighed in:
Newspapers can't cut their way back into Wall Street investors' hearts, by Stephen R. Lacy; Alexander responds
Humbler profits won't encourage buyouts, by John Morton; Alexander responds
Newspapers can't maintain monopoly profits because they've lost their monopolies, by Philip Meyer
Knight Ridder in grave jeopardy, by Lou Alexander...


Leakers and plumbers: There's no difference between a good leak and a bad leak? Journalists need a shield law. 11/22/05
Unintended consequences: How Craigslist and similar services are sucking revenue from faltering newspapers. 9/13/05
Is CPB irrelevant? As Congress moves to cut public broadcasting funds, has CPB become obsolete in the modern marketplace. 6/26/05
The paradox of news: There's more news available and its cheaper than ever before, but fewer young people are interested. 5/12/05


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